Glossary - S
- the glowing part on the front of your computer monitor where you
see the Web do its thing (and anything else your computer might like
to show you).
- search engine
- a special Web program that can search the contents of a database
of available Web pages and other resources to provide information that
relates to specific topics or keywords supplied by a user.
- search tools
- any of a number of programs (see Chapter 16) that can permit HTML
documents to become searchable, using the <ISINDEX> tag to inform
the browser of the need for a search window, and behind-the-scenes indexing
and anchoring schemes to let users locate particular sections of or items
within a document.
- a powerful UNIX-based text-editing program that makes it easy to locate
and manipulate text elements within any of a number of files.
- a computer on a network whose job is to listen for particular service
requests, and to respond to those that it knows how to satisfy.
- service provider
- an organization that provides individuals or other organizations with
access to the Internet. Service providers usually offer a variety of
communications options for their customers, ranging from analog telephone
lines, to a variety of higher-bandwidth leased lines, to ISDN and other
digital communications services.
- when negotiating a network connection, the phase at the beginning of
the communications process is called the "setup." At this point,
protocol details, communication rates, and error-handling approaches will
be worked out, allowing the connection to proceed correctly and reliably
- SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language)
- an ISO standard document definition, specification, and creation
mechanism that makes platform and display differences across multiple
computers irrelevant to the delivery and rendering of documents.
- shell (see UNIX shell)
- SLIP (Serial Line Interface Protocol)
- a relatively old-fashioned TCP/IP protocol used to manage telecommunications
between a client and a server that treats the phone line as a "slow
extension" to a network.
- SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)
- the underlying protocol and service for Internet-based electronic mail.
- spider (aka Web spider, Webcrawler)
- a Web-traversing program that tirelessly investigates Web pages and
their links, while storing information about its travels for inclusion
in the databases typically used by search engines.
- stdin (UNIX standard input device)
- the default source for input in the UNIX environment, stdin is the input
source for CGI programs as well.
- stdout (UNIX standard output device)
- the default recipient for output in the UNIX environment, stdout is the
output source for Web browsers and servers as well (including CGI programs).
- in HTML documents, we refer to superstructure as the layout and navigational
elements used to create a consistent look and feel for Web pages belonging to a
- literally, the formal rules for how to speak, we use syntax in this book to
describe the rules that govern how HTML markup looks and behaves within HTML
documents. The real syntax definition for HTML comes from the SGML Document
Type Definition (DTD).
- syntax checker
- a program that checks a particular HTML document's markup against the
rules that govern its use; a recommended part of the testing regimen for
all HTML documents.
HTML for Dummies at firstname.lastname@example.org
Text - Copyright © 1995, 1996, 1997 Ed Tittel & Steve James.
For Dummies, the Dummies Man logo and Dummies Press are trademarks or registered
trademarks of Wiley Publishing, Inc. Used with Permission.
Web Layout - Copyright © 1997, LANWrights
Revised -- May, 2002 [MCB]