Glossary - M
- a Macintosh-based graphical-mode Web browser implemented by MCC. (see also MCC)
- the process of regularly inspecting, testing, and updating the contents of Web pages; also, an attitude that such activities are both inevitable and advisable.
- a set of Perl programs that automate the operation of multiple mailing lists, including moderated and unmoderated mailing lists, and routine handling of subscribe/unsubscribe operations.
- map file
- a set of pixel coordinates on a graphic image that correspond to the boundaries of regions that users might select when using the graphic for Web navigation. This file must be created by using a graphics program to determine regions and their boundaries, and then stored on the Web server that provides the coordinate translation and URL selection services.
- a way of embedding special characters (metacharacters) within a text file to instruct a computer program how to handle the contents of the file itself.
- markup language
- a formal set of special characters and related capabilities used to define a specific method for handling the display of files that include markup; HTML is a markup language that is an application of SGML that is used to design and create Web pages.
- Mbps (Megabits per second)
- a measure of communications speeds, in units of 220 bits per second (220 = 1,048,576 which is just about 1,000,000 and explains the quasi-metric "M" notation).
- MCC (Microelectronics and Computing Corporation)
- a computing industry consortium based in Austin, Texas, that developed the WinWeb and MacWeb browser programs
- a specific character within a text file that signals the need for special handling; in HTML the angle brackets (< >), ampersand (&), pound sign (#), and semi-colon (;) can all function as metacharacters.
- MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions)
- http communications of Web information over the Internet rely on a special variant of MIME formats to convey Web documents and related files between servers and users, and vice-versa.
- an acronym for modulator/demodulator, a modem is a piece of hardware that converts between the analog forms for voice and data used in the telephone system and the digital forms for data used in computers. In other words, a modem lets your computer communicate using the telephone system.
- a powerful graphical Web browser originally developed at NCSA, now widely licensed and used for a variety of commercial browser implementations.
- MPEG or MPG
- an acronym for Motion Picture Experts' Group, MPEG is a highly compressed format designed for use in moving pictures or other multi-frame-per-second media (like video). MPEG can not only provide tremendous compression (up to 200 to 1), it also update only elements that have changed on-screen from one frame to the next, making it extraordinarily efficient as well. .MPEG is the common file extension to denote files using this format, and .MPG is the three-letter equivalent in use on DOS and Windows systems (which can't handle four-letter file extensions).
- MPPP (Multilink Point-to-Point Protocol)
- an Internet protocol that allows simultaneous use of multiple physical connections between one computer and another, to aggregate their combined bandwidth and create a "larger" virtual link between the two machines.
- a method of combining text, sound, graphics, and full-motion or animated video within a single compound computer document.
- MVS (Multiple Virtual Storage)
- a file system used on IBM mainframes and clones.
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Revised -- May, 2002 [MCB]