Glossary - A
- when used to modify pathnames or URLs, it means a full and complete
specification (as opposed to a relative one).
- acceptable use
- a doctrine originally formulated by the National Science Foundation
restricting the Internet to research and academic, but not commercial, use.
- alpha test
- the testing on software performed by the developers, usually during
the development process; also, the first of several stages in the software
testing process (see beta test).
- in HTML, an anchor is a tagged text or graphic element that acts as a
link to another location inside or outside a given document, or it may be
a location in a document that acts as the destination for an incoming link.
The latter definition is most commonly how we use it in this book.
- a computerized process of creating moving images by rapidly advancing
from one still image to the next
- anonymous ftp
- a type of Internet file access that relies on the File Transfer
Protocol service, where any user can typically access a file collection
by logging in as anonymous, and supplying his or her username as a password
- the scripting language for the Macintosh operating system, used to
build CGI programs for Macintosh-based Web servers
- an Internet-based archival search facility, based on databases of file
and directory names taken from anonymous ftp servers around the Internet
- ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Administration; see
- in HTML tags, an attribute is a named characteristic of an associated
tag. Some attributes are required, while others are optional. Some attributes
may also take values (if so the syntax is ATTRIBUTE="value") or not, depending
on the tag and the attribute (see Chapter 7 for tag details in alphabetical order)
- AUP (Acceptable Use Policy; see acceptable use)
- authoring software
- in the context of HTML, authoring software refers to programs that
understand HTML tags and their placement. Some such programs can even
enforce HTML syntax; others can convert from word processing or document
formatting programs to HTML formats.
- a powerful scripting language included with most implementations of
UNIX, awk supplements the file-processing capabilities of the UNIX shells,
including pattern-matching of fields and C-like structured programming constructs.
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