Glossary - H
- for HTML a heading is a markup tag used to add document structure. The term will sometimes be used to refer to the initial portion of an HTML document between the <HEAD> ... </HEAD> tags, where titles and context definitions are commonly supplied.
- helper applications
- today, browsers can display multiple graphics files (and sometimes other kinds of data); sometimes, browsers must pass particular files -- for instance, motion picture or sound files -- over to other applications that know how to render the data they contain. Such programs are called helper applications, because they help the browser deliver Web information to users.
- hierarchical structure
- a way of organizing Web pages using links that make some pages subordinate to others (see tree structured for another description of this kind of organization)
- history list
- each time a user accesses the Web, his or her browser will normally keep a list of all the URLs visited during that session; this is called a history list, and provides a handy way to jump back to any page that's already been visited while online. History lists normally disappear when the browser program is exited, though.
- A Web page that consists of a series of links to other pages, usually annotated with information about what's available on that link. Hotlists act like switchboards to content information, and are usually organized around a particular topic or area of interest.
- HTML (HyperText Markup Language)
- the SGML-derived markup language used to create Web pages. Not quite a programming language, HTML nevertheless provides a rich lexicon and syntax for designing and creating useful hypertext documents for the Web.
- http or HTTP (hypertext teleprocessing protocol aka hypertext transfer protocol)
- the Internet protocol used to manage communication between Web clients (browsers) and servers.
- httpd (http daemon)
- the name of the collection of programs that runs on a Web server to provide Web services. In UNIX-speak, a daemon is a program that runs all the time listening for service requests of a particular type; thus, an httpd is a program that runs all the time on a Web server, ready to field and handle Web service requests.
- a shorthand term for hypertext link, which is defined below.
- any of a variety of computer media -- including text, graphics, video, sound, etc. -- available through hypertext links on the Web.
- a method of organizing text, graphics, and other kinds of data for computer use that lets individual data elements point to one another; a nonlinear method of organizing information, especially text.
- hypertext link
- in HTML, a hypertext link is defined by special markup that creates a user-selectable document element that can be selected to change the user's focus from one document (or part of a document) to another.
HTML for Dummies at email@example.com
Text - Copyright © 1995, 1996, 1997 Ed Tittel & Steve James.
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Web Layout - Copyright © 1997, LANWrights
Revised -- May, 2002 [MCB]